In 1333 Berwick, the most important seaport in Scotland, was under siege by the English. The Scots raised an army to relieve the town resulting in the battle of Halidon Hill overlooking Berwick. Scottish casualties were appalling with hundreds of knights, men-at-arms and thousands of foot soldiers killed. English casualties were negligible resulting in Berwick surrendering to the English. Edward III then set about the fortification of the town.
The site of an important battle between the Scots and the English in 1513, resulting in a bloody defeat for Scotland and King James IV slain together with the majority of the Scottish aristocracy; as many as 12,000 men being killed. The site offers wonderful views of the surrounding countryside.
Formed by an extinct volcano, the St Abb’s Head is the best known landmark along the magnificent Berwickshire coast. Sheer cliffs loom from the sea at St Abb’s Head, giving dramatic views of the Berwickshire coastline and providing an early summer home for nesting seabirds. Follow the path along the rocky grassland at the cliff top towards St Abb’s Harbour, where you can enjoy a rest with a light lunch.
England’s most tranquil place, indeed her last wilderness, the National Park’s dramatic hills and sheltered valleys stretch from Hadrian’s Wall to the Scottish border. You can find evidence of people living here for the past 100,000 years and proof of farming since around 4,000 BC. In this landscape of limitless beauty you can enjoy the rolling moors and grassland, the ancient hill forts and the clear rivers of the Cheviot Hills to the north; the Upper Coquet Valley and Simonside Hills to the centre; wild Redesdale, once the home of the Border Reivers to the centre and to the south, the iconic ridge of Whin Sill with Hadrian’s Wall a crowning glory.
The Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is one of the finest landscapes in the country and was one of the first AONB’s to be designated in England. This 138 square kilometres area contains sweeping sandy beaches, rolling sand dunes, isolated islands, rocky cliffs and picturesque coves.
To the north, the Berwickshire coast is an area of great natural beauty with small coves, natural harbours and sandstone cliffs. You can visit busy fishing ports, view crystal clear waters and experience amazement at the outstanding bird colonies.
With access permitted only when escorted by a warden, Chillingham Park is so unspoilt that it remains the feel of medieval times. Chillingham Park has some of the oldest alder trees in the country and is home to fallow deer, red squirrels, buzzards and green woodpeckers.
For over 700 years, the sole survivors of the ancient cattle that once roamed Britain have been contained within the park. The Chillingham Wild Cattle are the only cattle in the world to have remained free of any human interference or breeding management. They are truly wild and potentially dangerous, so visiting them is a fascinating and unforgettable experience.
Just to the south of Chillingham, Ros Castle is the highest point of the Kyloe-Chillingham fell sandstone ridge and offers spectacular views for miles. The summit is crowned by earthworks of a prehistoric fort, one of the many Bronze and Iron Age sites in the area.
Take a boat trip to the Farne Islands from Seahouses to experience unique wildlife and an amazing view to the coastline with its castles and beaches. The Farne Islands are most famous for their Puffins, which can be see from April till August, closely followed by the seals, which have their pups from the end of October till December, plus many other types of birds.
Almost 100 miles long, the river Tweed drains the entire Borders region – a major river that flows into the sea at Berwick-upon-Tweed. Take time to drive along some of this spectacular valley, stopping off here and there at vantage points and enjoy the beautiful scenery such as Scott’s view, the junction pool at Kelso and the romantic Neidpath Castle near Peebles.